Lumsden

Origins of the clan

The name Lumsden derives from the old manor of Lumsden in the parrish of Coldingham in Berwickshire. The earliest known recordings of the name appear between 1166 and 1182 when the brothers Gillem (William) and Cren de Lumsden witnessed a charter by Waldeve Earl of Dunbar to the Priory of Coldingham. The lands of Lumsden are first mentioned in a charter dated 1098 of King Edgar of Scotland and his son Malcolm Canmore. Gillem and his brother Cren are the first recorded owners of the land.

In 1296 Adam Lumsden and Roger de Lumsden were among the Scottish clan leaders who were force homage to King Edward I of England with both of their names appearing on the Ragman Rolls.

 

 

Fourteenth century

Around 1328 Gillbert de Lumsden married an heiress of Blanerne and by 1329 had received a charter for the Blanerne lands by the Earl of Angus. By the mid fourteenth century offshoots of the Lumsden clan had charters and lands confirmed to them in Conlan in Fife and Medlar and Cushnie in Aberdeenshire.

 

 

Seventeenth century, Thirty Years’ War and Civil War

 

 

Thirty Years’ War

In the early seventeenth century during the Thirty Years’ War the Clan Lumsden fought for the Swedish King Gustavus Adolphus in a famous unit called “Lumsden’s Musketeers”.

 

 

The Civil War

One of the Lumsden brothers, James Lumsden returned from the war in Europe with his men to fight in the Civil War which was taking place in England, Ireland and Scotland to support the Covenanters. They fought at the Battle of Marston Moor in 1644 where King Charles I was defeated. They also fought at the Battle of Dunbar (1650) under David Leslie where the Covenanters were defeated by the Parliamentarians.

James Lumsden’s brother Robert defended Dundee against General Monck but he was killed on its surrender.

 

 

Eighteenth century and Jacobite uprisings

During the Jacobite Uprisings of 1745 to 1746 the Chief of Clan Lumsden was Prince Charles Edward Stuart’s secretary. After the Battle of Culloden the chief fled to Rome. He returned to Scotland in 1773 and was pardoned by the British government. His tartan waistcoat is preserved at Pitcaple Castle.

 

 

Castles and clan seat

      Lumsden Castle in Blanerne was acquired in the fourteenth century and was the main clan seat.

      Pitcaple Castle in Cushnie, Alford and Tillycairn Castle in Cluny were also owned by the Clan Lumsden.

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