Campbell of Cawdor

Clan Campbell of Cawdor is a highland Scottish clan. While the clan is recognised by the Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs, the clan does not have a clan chief recognised by the Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs. Also, because the clan does not have a clan chief recognised by the Lord Lyon King of Arms it is considered an armigerous clan.

In 1510, Muriel, daughter of John, 7th Thane of Calder (or Cawdor), married Sir John Campbell, third son of the 2nd Earl of Argyll. From 1524 to 1546, Sir John Campbell of Cawdor lived at Cawdor Castle, until his death. After Muriel’s death in 1573, the Thanedom was resigned in favour of her grandson, John Campbell. In the 17th century, Sir John Campbell of Cawdor sold Croy and disposed of Ferintosh to Lord Lovat, in order to buy the Isle of Islay. Islay was held by the Campbells of Cawdor from 1612-1726 when it was bought by Daniel Campbell of Shawfield. Sir John Campbell, 8th of Cawdor, married Mary, eldest daughter of Lewis Pryce. Campbell of Cawdor died in 1777 and was succeeded by his son, Pryce Campbell of Cawdor, who was a MP for Cromarty and Nairn. His son, John, was made Lord Cawdor of Castlemartin, in 1797. On his death in 1821, he was succeeded by his son, John Fredrick Campbell, 1st Earl of Cawdor. From the 1st Earl of Cawdor descend the Earls of Cawdor.

 

 

The Campbell of Cawdor tartan. The tartan is one of several tartans officially authorised by the current chief of Clan Campbell.

A modern clan member’s crest badge contains the heraldic motto: BE MINDFUL. The Campbell of Cawdor tartan is very similar to other “Campbell” tartans. This tartan did not originally have a name, until it was called an “Argyle” tartan in 1789. It wasn’t until W. and A. Smith’s book was published, in 1850, that was this tartan actually named “Campbell of Cawdor”. The Campbell of Cawdor tartan is one of only four tartans officially authorised by the current chief of Clan Campbell, Torquhil Campbell, 13th Duke of Argyll. Frank Adam, in his The Clans, Septs & Regiments of the Scottish Highlands, listed several septs for Clan Campbell of Cawdor. These were: Caddell and Calder. Adam also wrote that the Campbells of Cawdor were described as “de Cadella”.

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