Boswell

 

Origins of the Clan

The Clan Boswell are accepted as of Norman or French origin, Black offers two derivations of the name – either from a vill, or manor, near Yvetot in Normandy, or from Beuzevill near Bolbec. The ‘sieur’, or Lord de Bosville, is said to have been one of the Norman commanders at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Robert de Boseuille witnessed several charters in the reign of William the Lion and it must be presumed that the Boswells were among the knights who accompanied King David I of Scotland back to Scotland after his stay at the English court.

 

 

Wars of Scottish Independence

During the Wars of Scottish Independence Chief Walter de Bosville was taken a prisoner at the Battle of Dunbar (1296) and William de Bosville rendered homage in the same year to King Edward I of England. His son, Richard, later received land from King Robert the Bruce of Scotland near Ardrossan. A younger son of the Borders family is said to have been the first to settle in Fife, marrying Mariota, daughter and co-heiress of Sir William of Lochore. The family acquired the barony of Balmuto, which they held until the early eighteenth century.

 

 

16th Century & Anglo-Scottish Wars

During the Anglo-Scottish Wars of the 16th century Chief Sir Alexander Boswell of Balmuto led the Clan Boswell at the Battle of Flodden Field in 1513 where he was slain.

 

 

17th Century & Civil War

Many Boswells fell fighting for the royalist cause at the Battle of Worcester during the civil war in 1651. The Boswell family married into the family of Auchinleck, through one of the daughters of Sir John Auchinleck of that Ilk, and adopted the style ‘of Auchinleck’. The Auchinleck family had had a major feud with the Clan Colville in the 15th century. The Boswells acquired the lands of Auchinleck and were to become lawyers of great eminence. Robert Boswell became a High Court judge, assuming the title of ‘Lord Balmuto’.

 

 

18th Century

Alexander Boswell (judge), the 8th Laird of Auchinleck was also elevated to the Bench in 1756, assuming the title, ‘Lord Auchinleck’. His son, James Boswell, 9th Laird of Auchinleck, was the famous biographer of Dr Samuel Johnson. Sir Alexander Boswell, 1st Baronet, 10th Laird of Auchinleck, the biographer’s son, was created a baronet in 1821. Another distinguished Boswell was Robert Boswell, Writer to the Signet, who held the post of Interim Lord Lyon, King of Arms, from 1795 to 1796.

 

 

Clan Profile

Arms: Argent, on a fess Sable three cinquefoils of the First

Crest: A falcon Proper, hooded Gules, jessed and belled Or

Motto: Vraye foi (True faith)

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