What are the different patterns of tweed?
To help you choose your tweed fabric, we classify tweed fabrics from our various tweed ranges according to their main pattern. When searching for tweeds, you can choose to see only tweed fabrics of a particular pattern. The main patterns are:
Plain Twill (Unpatterned) Tweeds
Tarbert Plain Twill
Blue 24310 Harris Tweed
Twill is a simple weave with a characteristic diagonal pattern running throughout it, which may be either obvious or so subtle that the fabric appears plain.
Unpatterned tweeds range from effectively single-colour to highly dappled or mottled with a strikingly textured mix of colours.
See our Unpatterned Tweed fabrics & products
Overcheck Twill Tweeds
Glenroyal Overcheck Twill
Green 42001 Highland Tweed
Traditional twill with a large checked design overlaid in a contrasting colour.
See our Overcheck Twill Tweed fabrics & products
Plain Herringbone Tweeds
Hartwist Plain Herringbone
Green 32005 Highland Tweed
A herringbone pattern consists of columns of slanted parallel lines. The direction of the slant alternates column by column to create ‘v’ shapes. A typical thin herringbone might use a pattern of four threads alternating direction with the next four threads (4×4) but larger sizes of 6×6 or 8×8 are common, sometimes even up to as large as 12×12.
See our Plain Herringbone Tweed fabrics & products
Estate (Overcheck Herringbone) Tweeds
Reiver Overcheck Herringbone
Poacher Highland Tweed
A traditional herringbone pattern overlaid with a basic check. These are often known as Estate Tweeds, as each Highland estate would typically commission its own distinctive version for its gamekeepers and for when hunting, with colours tones chosen to match the estate’s local landscape and vegetation, for camouflage.
See our Overcheck Herringbone Tweed fabrics & products
Barleycorn Harris Tweed
Barleycorn Tweeds have a prominent flecked pattern, giving it a richly coarse appearance where the complex colours merge into a single shade from a distance.
Brown 32035 Highland Tweed
Striped tweeds include a distinctive vertical line or lines to create visible stripes of various sizes.
See our Striped Tweed fabrics & products
Houndstooth (or Dogtooth) Tweeds
Green 32020 Highland Tweed
A type of large broken checked pattern using pointed shapes instead of squares. Said to resemble the jagged back teeth of a dog. ‘Houndstooth’ describes the pattern in a larger size, ‘Dogtooth’ when it is smaller.
See our Houndstooth Tweed fabrics & products
Glen Tilt Checked Blue
Glen Morar Highland Tweed
A pattern of horizontal and vertical lines that create small squares. The characteristic small check may also be enhanced by a larger overcheck in a third colour.
See our Checked Tweed fabrics & products
in Harris Tweed
Any tartan can also be woven in tweed fabric. The characteristic uneven texture of Harris Tweed in particular wonderfully evokes authentic old tartans.
Authentic Islay Tweed
Plaid-style tweeds feature a pattern of horizontal and vertical lines, not unlike a tartan.
See our Plaid Tweed fabrics & products